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    類型6月27日研究生學位課英語真題.doc

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    27 研究生 學位 英語
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    . 6月27日學位課英語真題〔B卷〕 PaperOne PartIListeningComprehension(25minutes,20points) SectionA(1pointeach) 1.A.Hehasbetterhearingthanothers BHedoesn’tcarewhatthewomanmaysay. CHedoesn’tbelievewhatthewomansaid. DHeiseagertoknowthenews. 2.AThecameraisthelateststyle. BThecameraismulti-functional. CThere’snothingnewwiththecamera. DThecameraissmallandfashionable. 3.AShetellsthemantotakearaincoatwithhim. BSheasksthemantopostponetheinvitation CSherefusestheinvitationbecauseitisraininghard. DShewantsthemantopaythedinnercheck. 4.AThemanagerwillmaketroublefortheman. BThemanagerwillreporttothecompany. CThemanagerwillgetintotrouble. DThemanagerwillfiretheman. 5.AShedidn’thaveenoughtime. BShe’snotcourageousenough. CShewasafraidofthemonster. DShedidn’tlikethegame 6.AHe’sbroke.BHe’ssick CHehassomethingtodoathome. DHe’sverytired. 7.AStocktradingisnotprofitable. BThestockmarketisalwaysunstable. CStocktradingisnotaseasyasthemanthinks. DStocktradingiseasierthanthemansaid. 8.AJamesiswarm-hearted BJamesisacartechnician CJamesisveryskillfulincarrepairing DJamesknowsthewoman’scarverywell. 9.ATheman’sconclusionisnotbasedonfacts. BJakewoulddostupidthingslikethis. CThemanshouldn’tbeonadatewithanothergirl. DJakedidn’ttelltheman’sgirlfriendabouthisdate. SectionB(1pointeach) Mini-talkOne 10.Ain1984BIn1986CIn1992DIn1996 11.AAlmost25billiondollars BAlmost2.5billiondollars CAlmost25milliondollars DAlmost2.5milliondollars 12.AHerfamily BHerfatherCHermotherDHerself Mini-talkTwo 13.A.Itcoversanareaofmorethan430hectares. BIttookmorethan16yearstocomplete. CThetwodesignersoftheparkwerefromBritain. DThelakesandwoodlandswereallbuiltbyhumanlabor. 14.A7kilometersB9kilometersC39kilometersD93kilometers 15.ABasketball,baseballandfootball. BBaseball,footballandvolleyball. CBasketball,footballandhockey DChess,baseballandtabletennis SectionC(1pointeach) 16.Thenewexhibitiscalled“________〞(6words) 17.TheFamilyofManshowwasdesignedtoexpresstheconnectionsthat_____(3words) 18.Thenewexhibitwasheldat_____(5words) 19.Thenewexhibitisdividedintoseveralparts: “ChildrenofMan,〞 “FamilyofMan,〞 “CitiesofMan,〞 “faithofMan,〞and“_____〞(3words) 20.Thethemethatcomesoutisreallytheunityofmankindthat____(5words) PartIIVocabulary(10minutes,10points) 21.Themostimportantaspectofmaintainingahealthydietiswhetheryoucansticktoit. Ainsiston Bdwellon Ccoincidewith Dadhereto 22.Itriedtotalkmydaughterintodiningoutinanearbyrestaurantthatevening,butinvain. AtomysurpriseBonherownCtonoeffectDtosomeextent 23.Ifacountryturnedinwardandinsulateditself,theresultwouldbeadiminishedstandardof living. AworshipedBsplitCinnovatedDisolated 24.Thevaluesandbeliefswilldictatethedirectionofyourpursuitaswellasyourlife. AruleBshapeCalterDcomplicate 25.Studieshaveprovedthatsmartpeopletendtobesmartacrossdifferentkindsofrealms. Arealities BfieldsCoccupationsDcourses 26.Humansarebeginningtorealizethatraisingfoodanimalscontributessubstantiallytoclimate change. Aphysically Bmaterially CconsiderablyDfavorably 27.Thispeer-reviewedjournalhasaspecificemphasisoneffectivetreatmentofacutepain. AurgentBsevereCsternDsensitive 28.Onewaytomaintainsocialstabilityistocrackdownoncrimewhilecreatingmorejobs. AclampdownonBsettledowntoClookdownuponDboildownto 29.Thecitycouncildecidedtosetupaschooldevotedexclusivelytotheneedsofproblem children. Aforcefully BexternallyCreluctantlyDentirely 30.Cityresidentshaveahardtimetryingtoavoidcontactwithhazardouschemicalsindailylife. AdangerousBprevalentCnovelDinvasive SectionB(0.5pointeach) 31.Althoughinherteens,theeldestdaughterhadtoquitschooltohelp____thefamily. Aprovidefor 32.Carbon____referstothetotalsetofgreenhousegasesemissionscausedbyanorganization. AfingerprintBfootstepCfootprintDblueprint 33.Thereisnoquestionthatoursisajustcauseandthatgoodwill___ BheadforCfallfor Dgofor AvanishBwanderCwitherDprevail 34.Wewon’thavesafeneighborhoodsunlesswe’realways_____ondrugcriminals AtoughBroughCthoroughDenough 35.Thechallengeforusisto____thesenewstatesinbuildingamoreprosperousfuture. AparticipateBengageCcommitDcontribute 36.Forty-fiveyearsofconflictand____betweenEastandWestarenowathingofthepast. Aconviction Bcompatibility CcollaborationDconfrontation 37.Fewpeopleknowtheshapeofthenextcentury,forthegeniusofafreepeople____ prediction. AdeniesBdefiesCrepliesDrelies 38.Thesecountriesare___concludingafreetradeagreementtopropelregionaldevelopment. AonthevergeofBintheinterestofConthesideofDattheexpen搜索引擎優化f 39.We’llcontinuealongtheroad___byourpresidentsmorethanseventyyearsago. AgivenoutBmadeoutCwipedoutDmappedout 40.Whenyouwin,yourerrorsare_____;whenyoulose,yourerrorsaremagnified. AexpandedBobscuredCcultivatedDexaggerated PartIIIClozeTest(10minutes,10points,1pointeach) Whenpeoplesearchonline,theyleaveatrailthatremainsstoredonthecentralcomputersof firmssuchasGoogle,YahooandMicrosoft.Analyzingwhatwe offeraremarkable___41___intoouranxietiesandenthusiasms. UKwriterandInternetexpertJohnBattellewroteonhisblog, ’relookingforontheWebcan “Thiscantellus ___42___ thingsaboutwhoweareandwhatwewantasa__43___.〞Google’sexperimentalserviceGoogle Trends,forexample,comparesthenumbersofpeoplesearchingfordifferentwordsandphrases from2004tothepresent.Accordingtothesegraphs,sometimespeople’sinterestsareobviously __44___thenewsagenda:whentheSpiceGirlsannounceareunion,there’sanimmediate ___45___tofindoutmorethanthem.Otherresultsarestrikinglyseasonal:peoplegoshopping onlineforcoatsinwinterandshortpantsinsummer. Themostfascinatingpossibilityisthatsearchdatamighthelp__46___peoples’behaviour. Whenwesearchonlineforacertainbrandofstereosystem,wearesurelyindicatingwe __47___tobuythatbrand. ’remore Perhapswesearchforapoliticalcandidate’snamewhenwearethinkingabout__48___him orher.Maybeweevensearchfor“stockmarketcrash〞or“recession〞justbeforewestart ___49___ourinvestments.Thisinformationcouldclearlybeusefultoasmartmarketer---it’s alreadyhowGoogledecideswhich___50__toshowonitssearchresultspages----ortoapolitical campaignmanager. 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Ainsight Binvestigation Bextraordinary Bculture Cconsideration Cmysterious Cperson Dprospect Dsensitive Dmass Aobvious Anation Areducedto Apush Bresultingin Brush Cdrivenby Ccharge Dbackedupby Ddash Apresume Aliking Bpreoccupy Balike Cpreserve Clikely Dpredict Dlike Avotingfor Adepositingin Anotices Bfightingagainst Bwithdrawingfrom Bpapers Cbelievingin Cturningdown Cstatements Drunningfor Daddingto Dadvertisements PartIVReadingComprehension(45minutes,30points,1pointeach) PassageOne Initialvoyagesintospaceintroducedquestionsscientistshadneverbeforeconsidered.Could anastronautswallowfoodinzerogravity?Tokeepthingssimple,astronautsontheProject Mercuryatefoodssqueezedoutoftubes.Itwaslikeservingthembabyfoodinatoothpaste container. Buttheseearlytubemealswereflavorless,andastronautsdroppedtoomanypounds.“Weknow thatastronautshavelostweightineveryAmericanandRussianmannedflight,〞wroteNASA scientistsMalcolmSmithin1969.“Wedon’tknowwhy.〞Feedingpeopleinspacewasnotaseasy asitlooked. Floatingaroundinspaceisn’tasrelaxingasitmightsound.Astronautsexpendalotofenergy andendureextremestressesontheirbodies.Theirdietaryrequirementsarethereforedifferent fromtho搜索引擎優化ftheirgravity-boundcounterpartsonEarth.Forexample,theyneedextracalciumto compensateforboneloss.“Alow-saltdiethelpsslowtheprocessbuttherearenorefrigeratorsin space,andsaltisoftenusedtohelppreservefoods,〞saysVickieKloerisofNASA“Wehavetobe verycarefulofthat.〞 BytheApollomissions,NASAhaddevelopedanutritionallybalancedmenuwithawide varietyofoptions.Ofcourse,alltheitemswerefreeze-driedorheat-treatedtokillbacteria,and theydidn’tlooklikeregularfood. Today,themostelaborateouter-spacemealsareconsumedintheInternationalSpaceStation (ISS),whereastronautsenjoyeverythingfromsteaktochocolatecake.TheISSisajointventure betweentheU.SandRussia,anddiplomaticguidelinesdictatethepercentageoffoodanastronaut musteatfromeachcountry.NASA’sfoodlaboratoryhas185differentmenuitems,Russiaoffers around100,andwhenJapansentupitsfirstcrewmemberin2008,about30dishescamewithhim. Duetodietaryrestrictionsandstorageissues,astronautsstillcan’teatwhatevertheywant whenevertheyfeellikeit. In2008,NASAastronautandISScrewmemberSandraMagnusbecamethefirstpersontotry tocookamealinspace.Ittookheroveranhourtocookonionsandgarlicinthespacestation foodwarmer,butshemanagedtocreateatrulydeliciousdish:grilledtuna(金槍魚)ina lemon-garlic-gingersauce---eatenfromabag,ofcourse. 51.Whichofthefollowingistrueabouttheearlyspacemeals? ATheyhadtobeeatenfromabad. ’s BTheytastedbetterthantheylooked. CTheycouldnotmakeeatingaseasyaspossible. DTheywerenotnutritiousenoughforastronauts. 52.Itseemsthatastronauts’weightloss____ Awasanunusualproblemamongastronauts. Bwaswhatpuzzledtheearlyscientists Ccausednewproblemsinspaceflights Ddrewtheattentionofthegeneralpublic 53.AccordingtoVickieKloeris,servingalow-saltdietinspace___ Aiseasiersaidthandone Chasworkedasexpected Bisnotabsolutelynecessary Dwillbethefuturetrend 54.IntheInternationalSpaceStation,_____ Athereisenoughspacetostoreenoughfoodsforastronaut Bthereisaselectionofflavoredfoodsfromadozencountries. Castronautsingeneralpreferfoodsfromtheirowncountries. Dastronauts’needtoeattheirfavoritefoodscan’talwaysbetrue. 55.ItcanbelearnedthatSandraMagnus’cookinginspace____ AleftmuchtobedesiredBwasn’tworththeeffort Cwasquitesatisfactory Dhasinspiredtheothers 56.Thepassagemainlyintroduces____ Athevarietyoffoodoptionsinspace. Bthedietaryneedofastronautsinspace Ctheproblemsoflivinginthespacestation Dtheimprovementoffoodofferedinspace PassageTwo NewYork’sWCBSputsitinawaythatjustcan’tbebetterexpressed:“Itwasanaccident waitingtohappen.〞 15-year-oldAlexaLongueirawaswanderingalongthestreetinStatenIsland,obliviously tappingtextmessagesintoherphoneasshewalked.Distractedbyherphone,shefailedtonotice theopenmanhole(下水道窖井)inherpath,andplungedintoit,takinganunpreparedbathofraw sewagealongwithreceivingmoderateinjuries.Longueiracalledthedive “reallygross,shocking andscary.〞 It’snotallLongueira’sfault.Themanholeshouldn’thavebeenleftuncoveredandunattended, andnowarningsignsorhazardconeshadbeensetupneartheworksite.AworkerwithNew York’sDepartmentofEnvironmentalProtection(DEP),whowaspreparingtoflushthesewage, helpedherout,andthedepartmentlaterissuedaformalapologyfortheincident. Nonetheless,observersareharshlydividedoverwhoistoblamehere.TheDEPiscertainlyat faultforfailingtosecurethemanhole,buttowhatextentshouldthegirlbeheldaccountablefor failuretobeawareofhersurroundings?Ifshehadsteppedintotrafficandbeenhitbyacar,would herreaction(thatis:angerandapotentiallawsuit)beanydifferent? Detachmentfromone’senvironmentduetoelectronicgadgetsisagrowingproblem---anda hazardousone.Thegovernmentiseventryingtogetinvolved,withmultiplelawsonthebooks acrossthecountryoutlawingcellphoneuseandtextmessagingwhileoperatingamotorvehiclein thewakeofseriousaccidentsinvolvingdistracteddrivers.NewYorkSenatorKrugereventriedto criminalizetheu搜索引擎優化fhandhelddevices(includingphones,musicplayers,andgameplayers)by pedestrianswhiletheyarecrossingstreetsinmajorNewYorkcities,duetoconcernsoverthe numberofautovs.pedestrianaccidents. Followingasubstantialoutcry,thatlegislationappearsnevertohavebeenformallyintroduced. ButdidKrugerhaveapoint? Whatinterestedme,atleast,istheendofthestoryabovethatLongueiralostashoeinthe sewage.Butsinceotherthingsarenotreportedaslost,I’mguessingsheappearstohavemanaged tokeephergriponherphoneduringtheaccident. 57.By“itwasanaccidentwaitingtohappen〞,NewYork’sWCBSmeanthat___ Atheaccidentshouldhavebeenavoidable Bthiskindofaccidentshappenfrequently. Csomebodywasgladtoseewhatwouldhappen. Danopenmanholeissureatrapforcarelesspedestrians 58.Whenthegirlfellintotheopenmanhole,she____ Awasseriouslyhurt Bwasfrightened CtookabathintherawsewageDcriedhelptotheDEPworker 59.Accordingtotheauthor,whowastoblamefortheaccident? AThegirlherself BTheDEPworkerCBothAandBDNobody 60.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingisillegalintheUS? ATalkingonacellphonewhiledriving. BTextmessagingwhilewalkingacrossastreet COperatingmusicplayerswhiledriving DOperatinggameplayerswhilewalkingacrossastreet 61.Thephrase“inthewakeof“(Para5)isaclosestinmeaningto“___〞. Ainviewof Bonconditionof CasfarasDwithregardto 62.Theauthorfounditfunnythatthegirlhad____ Alostashoeinthesewageintheaccident. Breportednothinglostaftertheaccident Cgotafirmholdofherphoneduringtheaccident Dmanagedtokeepherselfuprightinthemanhole PassageThree Accordingtoastudy,intellectualactivitiesmakepeopleeatmorethanwhenjustresting.This hasshednewlightonbrainfood.Thisfindingmightalsoexplaintheobesityepidemicofasociety inwhichpeopleoftensit. Researcherssplit14universitystudentvolunteersintothreegroupsfora45-minutesessionof eitherrelaxinginasittingposition,readingandsummarizingatext,orcompletingaseriesof memory,attention,andalerttestsonthecomputer.Afterthesessions,theparticipantswereinvited toeatasmuchastheypleased. Thoughthestudyinvolvedaverysmallnumberofparticipants,theresultswerestark.The studentswhohaddonethecomputertestsdowned253morecaloriesor29.4percentmorethanthe couchpotatoes.Thosewhohadsummarizedatextconsumed203morecaloriesthantheresting group. Bloodsamplestakenbefore,during,andafterrevealedthatintellectualworkcausesmuch biggerfluctuationsinglucose(葡萄糖)levelsthanrestperiods,perhapsowingtothestressof thinking. Theresearchersfigurethebodyreactstothesefluctuationsbydemandingfoodtorestore glucose---thebrain’sfuel.Glucoseisconvertedbythebodyfromcarbohydrates(碳水化合物) andidsuppliedtothebrainviathebloodstream.Thebraincan’tmakeglucoseandsoneedsa constantsupply.Braincellsneedtwiceasmuchenergyasothercellsinthebody. Withoutexercisetobalancetheaddedintake,however,such“brainfood〞isprobablynot smart.Variousstudiesinanimalshaveshownthatconsumingfewercaloriesoverallleadsto sharperbrainsandlongerlife,andmostresearchersagreethatthefindingsapply,ingeneral,to humans. And,ofcourse,eatingmorecanmakeyoufat. “Caloricovercompensationfollowingintellectualwork,combinedwiththefactthatweareless physicallyactivewhendoingintellectualtasks,couldcontributetotheobesityepidemiccurrently observedinindustrializedcounties,〞saidleadresearcherJean-PhilippeChaputatLavalUniversity inQuebecCity,Canada.“Thisisafactorthatshouldnotbeignored,consideringthatmoreand morepeopleholdjobsofanintellectualnature,〞theresearchconcluded. 63.Thepassagemainlytellusthat__________ Aconsumingfewercaloriescanleadtosharperbrains. Bthinkingconsumedmorecaloriesthanresting Crestingmorecanmakepeoplefat. Dbraincellsneedmoreenergythanothercellsinthebody. 64.Itisimpliedthattoavoidobesity,peoplewhohavetositlongshould___ Athinkmoreandeatless Bincreasetheintakeofvitamins Cshipsomemeals Deatlesspotatoes rd 65.Theword“stark〞inthe3paragraphisclosetinmeaningto“_____〞 AnegativeBobscureCabsoluteDambiguous 66.A
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